Tippet Rise Art Center
Fishtail, MT
Completed 2016

CTA Architects Engineers
13 N. 23rd St.
Billings, MT 59101
+seven more locations in Montana

The program requirements for this project, installed at the newly established, 11,500-acre Tippet Rise Art Center, were simple: replicate a late-1800s, one-room Montana schoolhouse to provide a relatively protected interior space for housing an original Patrick Dougherty sculpture made of saplings, dubbed “Daydreams.”

It was important the schoolhouse — and the overall installation — create authenticity. The most difficult task was determining the level of protection needed for the sculpture while creating a building appearing to have been beaten by a century of weather. Dougherty requested the team find a method of protecting the interior from water infiltration so as to maximize the potential for its longevity. Typically easy, when replicating a more than 100-year-old deteriorated schoolhouse, the task becomes more challenging.

One element deemed important to preserve was the look of a deteriorated roof allowing natural light to filter into the interior through gaps in the skip sheathing. This was achieved by sandwiching acrylic sheets between two layers of 1x planks in a seamless application invisible to the untrained eye. A secondary challenge was creating interior and exterior finishes closely matched to those of the nearby historic Stockade Schoolhouse.

In addition to netting an Honorable Mention from AIA Montana in 2016, the “Daydreams” installation has been featured by these sites/publications: Billings Gazette, Design Boom, Surface Magazine, Architect Magazine, and Architizer.

Tippet Rise Art Center
Fishtail, MT
Completed 2016

CTA Architects Engineers
13 N. 23rd St.
Billings, MT 59101
+seven more locations in Montana

The program requirements for this project, installed at the newly established, 11,500-acre Tippet Rise Art Center, were simple: replicate a late-1800s, one-room Montana schoolhouse to provide a relatively protected interior space for housing an original Patrick Dougherty sculpture made of saplings, dubbed “Daydreams.”

It was important the schoolhouse — and the overall installation — create authenticity. The most difficult task was determining the level of protection needed for the sculpture while creating a building appearing to have been beaten by a century of weather. Dougherty requested the team find a method of protecting the interior from water infiltration so as to maximize the potential for its longevity. Typically easy, when replicating a more than 100-year-old deteriorated schoolhouse, the task becomes more challenging.

One element deemed important to preserve was the look of a deteriorated roof allowing natural light to filter into the interior through gaps in the skip sheathing. This was achieved by sandwiching acrylic sheets between two layers of 1x planks in a seamless application invisible to the untrained eye. A secondary challenge was creating interior and exterior finishes closely matched to those of the nearby historic Stockade Schoolhouse.

In addition to netting an Honorable Mention from AIA Montana in 2016, the “Daydreams” installation has been featured by these sites/publications: Billings Gazette, Design Boom, Surface Magazine, Architect Magazine, and Architizer.

How to Be an Architect

Architects must be licensed before they can practice as an architect or call themselves an architect. There are three main steps in becoming an architect: education, internship and examination.

  • Education: The Montana State University School of Architecture offers a Master of Architecture professional degree that is fully accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB). In the United States, most state registration boards require a degree from an accredited professional degree program as a prerequisite.
  • Internship: Most state architectural registration boards require architectural graduates to complete an internship in order to become licensed.
  • Examination: All states require the completion of the Architect Registration Examination, in order to gain licensure within the 54 jurisdictions covered by the National Council of Architectural Registration Board (NCARB).


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